A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | K | L |
M | N | O | P | R | S | T | U | V |
X

A

Reasonably priced Care Act (ACA) – The well being care regulation enacted in March 2010, also referred to as “Obamacare,” that makes medical insurance obtainable to extra individuals and requires that well being plans cowl pre-existing situations and supply free preventive care, amongst different necessities.

Allograft – Tissue that’s transplanted from one particular person to a different. In breast reconstruction, surgeons typically use allografts to help with the tissue expander that makes room for the breast implant, to create a sort of pocket that holds the implant in place or for added pores and skin protection over the implant.

Anesthesia – Remedy that produces a lack of sensation (comparable to ache) or consciousness throughout surgical procedure.

Archetype Breasts – Breasts which are full and spherical with a small level on the nipple; the most typical form for girls’s breasts.

Areola – The pink/brown circle of pores and skin across the nipple

Asymmetrical Breasts – Breasts of two completely different sizes, which is sort of widespread.

Asymmetry – A typical and completely regular state the place one breast is bigger than the opposite.

Athletic Breasts – Breasts which are wider, with extra muscle and fewer breast tissue.

Augmentation Mammaplasty – Breast enlargement or breast enhancement by surgical procedure.

Autograft – Tissue that’s transplanted from one spot on an individual’s physique to a different on a affected person’s physique.

Autoimmune Illness – An sickness that causes the immune system to provide antibodies that assault wholesome cells within the physique by mistake. Examples embody lupus and rheumatoid arthritis. Autoimmune illnesses are extra widespread in girls than in males.

Axillary – Regarding the armpit.

back to top

B

Band Measurement – Part of bra measurement; the inches across the chest straight beneath the breasts plus 4 inches if the quantity is even or 5 inches if the quantity is odd.

Bell Formed Breasts – Breasts which are slender on high and rounder on the underside like a bell.

Benign – Not cancerous. A benign tumor doesn’t invade surrounding tissue or unfold to different components of the physique.

Biopsy – A pattern of tissue taken to look at extra carefully.

Blood Tumor Marker Check – A check that measures chemical compounds made by the tumor cells, which could be detected within the blood.

Boob Job – A non-medical time period for breast augmentation, a surgical procedure that will increase breast measurement.

Bone Scan – This imaging reveals all of the bones of the physique on the identical time and may discover small areas of most cancers which have unfold to the bones and should not seen on x-rays.

Bra Measurement Decided by subtracting the band measurement (the house across the chest straight beneath the breasts) from the bust measurement (the fullest a part of the bust) and described as a letter (AA, A, B, C, D, DD, and so forth).

Breasts – Also called mammary glands, two delicate, rounded components of a girl’s chest made of specialised tissue that produces milk after a girl provides delivery. Each ladies and men have breasts and nipples. The distinction is that males’s breasts should not have the tissue that produces milk.

Breast Augmentation – A sort of surgical procedure that will increase breast measurement and achieves a extra rounded breast form. Additionally known as a “boob job” or mammaplasty.

Breast Most cancers – A sort of most cancers that begins within the breast and is the most typical most cancers in U.S. girls, apart from pores and skin cancers. There are numerous several types of breast most cancers primarily based on the place the tumor begins within the breast tissue and whether or not the most cancers has unfold or not.

Breast Implants – Medical units positioned within the physique to extend breast measurement or to reconstruct the breast. Breast implants fall into two classes: saline breast implants and silicone breast implants.

Breast Implant Sickness (BII)A time period utilized by girls to explain a cluster of signs – fatigue, reminiscence loss, rash, photosensitivity, persistent ache, sleep disturbances and different issues – reported by some girls who acquired breast implants for breast augmentation. Scientists are investigating the vary of signs to raised perceive their origins.

Breast Implant Related Lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) – An unusual sort of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma that may develop round breast implants. BIA-ALCL shouldn’t be a most cancers of the breast tissue, however a slow-growing most cancers of the lymph system that when caught early, could be cured in most girls.

Breast Carry – A sort of surgical procedure that raises the breasts and tightens the encompassing tissue to revive the breasts to a perkier, younger form. It’s a well-liked surgical possibility for girls who’ve sagging breasts as a consequence of a major weight reduction, being pregnant and breastfeeding, or menopause. Additionally known as augmentation mastopexy.

Breast LumpsNormally innocent noncancerous tissue usually straight associated to the menstrual cycle, adjustments in hormones and the fluid buildup that comes with the month-to-month interval. Breast lumps fluctuate in measurement from smaller than a pea to a number of inches throughout.

Breast Reconstruction – One or a collection of surgical procedures that reconstruct one or each breasts throughout or after mastectomy, and in some instances, lumpectomy.

Breast Discount – Surgical procedure to take away extra breast fats, glandular tissue, and pores and skin so the breast measurement is extra in proportion with the physique. Additionally known as discount mammaplasty.

Breast Rejuvenation – One other title for a breast carry.

Breast Self-Examination (CBE) – A routine check-up a girl does at dwelling as a screening technique to detect early breast most cancers. The tactic includes and feeling every breast for potential lumps, distortions, or swelling. Carried out at any age from puberty onwards, breast self-exams are thought-about a part of a girl’s total breast most cancers screening technique.

BRCA – Two genes (BRCA1 and BRCA2) that act usually to maintain the cells within the breast from rising and dividing too quickly. Nevertheless, when a girl inherits sure mutations in both gene, she has a better threat of getting breast and different varieties of most cancers.

back to top

C

Capsule – Naturally occurring protecting tissue the physique kinds round an object it considers international. Within the case of breast implants, the physique kinds a sac, or capsule of scar tissue across the implant, to seal it off. Normally, the capsule is delicate or barely agency and never noticeable and helps to maintain the implant in place. Nevertheless, in some conditions, the tissue capsule can turn into unusually arduous and dense, resulting in a situation known as capsular contracture.

Capsular Contracture – A complication of breast implant surgical procedure the place the scar tissue across the implant turns into unusually arduous and begins to contract or thicken, squeezing the implant. Whereas capsular contracture could be barely noticeable, the situation could cause persistent ache, a distortion of the form of the breast or hardening of the breast and be extreme sufficient to require surgical procedure that removes the stiffened capsule.

Cellulitis– An an infection of the pores and skin attributable to micro organism. Because it applies to the breast, cellulitis normally impacts the decrease half of the breast the place sweat and micro organism have a tendency to construct up. The pores and skin turns into purple, heat, and tender and the an infection could cause flu-like signs comparable to fever and chills. Breast cellulitis can happen following surgical procedure or radiation remedy for breast most cancers.

Chemotherapy – Drug remedy that makes use of highly effective chemical compounds to kill fast-growing cells within the physique. Chemotherapy is most frequently used to deal with most cancers, since most cancers cells develop and multiply far more shortly than most cells within the physique.

Scientific Breast Examination– A yearly go to lined by insurance coverage the place a skilled well being supplier fastidiously feels the breasts, underarm and the world just under the breastbone for any adjustments, comparable to a lump.

Scientific Trials – Research involving folks that permit researchers to guage the protection and effectiveness of medicines or medical units.

Shut Set Breasts – Breasts near the middle of the chest with a small hole between them.

Complication– An surprising downside that outcomes from a process, remedy, or sickness. The issue is known as a complication as a result of it complicates the remedy or restoration.

Conical Breasts – Breasts which are formed like cones as a substitute of being spherical, which is widespread for smaller breasts.

Connective Tissue – The tissue that connects, separates, and helps all different varieties of tissues within the physique.

CT (computed tomography) Scan – A check utilizing x-rays taken from completely different angles
most frequently used to have a look at the chest and/or stomach.

Cup Measurement – The measurement of the fullest a part of the bust, rounded to the closest inch. Every inch of distinction is one cup measurement described as a letter beginning with the letter A. For instance, in case your bust measures 34 inches and your band measurement is 33, the distinction is one inch or an A cup. A 2-inch distinction represents a B cup, a 3-inch distinction is a C cup and a 4-inch distinction is a D cup. After that, variations in inches are measured as DD/E, DDD/F and above.

Cyst – Normally a noncancerous closed capsule with a sac-like construction that may include fluid, pus, or gasoline and may happen wherever on the physique. Breast cysts are sometimes painful and could also be noticeable throughout a breast examination.

back to top

E

East-West Breasts – Breast form the place the nipples level outward, away from the middle of the physique.

Estrogen – The feminine hormone produced primarily within the ovaries that helps management and information sexual improvement, influences the month-to-month menstrual cycle and lactation after being pregnant, and impacts the growing older course of.

Estrogen Receptor Optimistic (ER+) – Particular proteins inside breast most cancers cells known as “hormone receptors” that want estrogen to develop. An estimated 80 % of all breast cancers are estrogen-receptor optimistic (ER+) and could be handled with hormone remedy.

Excision – A process to take away pores and skin.

Explant Surgical procedure – An operation to take away a breast implant from a girl’s chest space.

back to top

F

Household Historical past – Details about illnesses in relations that identifies issues or diseases. Understanding household historical past could be beneficial for illness analysis and remedy.

Fats Grafting – A surgical approach that transfers fats obtained by liposuction to reinforce breast reconstruction by including quantity below the pores and skin.

Fats Necrosis – A lump of lifeless or broken breast tissue that typically seems after breast surgical procedure, trauma, or radiation.

Fatty Tissue – Fills the house between the fibrous tissue, lobes, and ducts within the breast. Fatty tissue provides the breasts their measurement and form.

Flap Procedures – A tissue flap process utilizing pores and skin and delicate tissue flaps from the stomach, again, thighs, buttocks, and different components of the physique to create a mound to reconstruct the breast. Also called autologous tissue reconstruction.

Fibrous Tissue – Holds the breast tissue in place.

Fibrocystic Breasts – A typical noncancerous situation, believed to be attributable to rising and falling ranges of hormones, particularly estrogen, through the menstrual cycle. Fibrocystic breasts could cause ache, cysts, and lumps within the breast, which immediately seem and go away.

First Diploma Relative – An individual’s dad or mum, full sibling or baby. If the individuals are associated by blood, the first-degree relations share roughly 50% of their genes.

Meals and Drug Administration (FDA) – The company of the U.S. authorities that regulates meals, medication, animal meals, cosmetics, dietary dietary supplements, organic items, blood merchandise, and medical units.

back to top

G

GAP Flap – A tissue flap process generally known as the gluteal artery perforator flap that makes use of tissue from the buttocks for breast reconstruction.

Gene – Made up of a substance known as deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, and carries the knowledge that makes you who you might be and what you seem like.

Genetic Testing – A sort of medical check that identifies adjustments in chromosomes, genes, or proteins. The outcomes of a genetic check can affirm or rule out a suspected genetic situation or assist decide an individual’s probability of creating or passing on a genetic dysfunction.

Genomic Testing – These assessments have a look at the genes in breast most cancers to find out what causes the most cancers to develop and the way the most cancers might reply to completely different therapies.

Glandular Tissue – The a part of the breast that makes milk, known as the lobes, and the tubes that carry milk to the nipple, known as ducts.

Grade – When contemplating choices for breast most cancers surgical procedure, the grade of the most cancers is one issue and refers to how irregular the cells look below a microscope.

Pointers – Suggestions for well being suppliers in regards to the care of individuals with particular situations or to forestall particular situations. Pointers are primarily based upon one of the best obtainable analysis and medical observe.

Gummy Bear Breast Implants – Implants pre-filled with an additional thick silicone gel that sticks collectively, is agency, and has a consistency just like the gummy bear sweet. Gummy bear implants hold their form even when the implant shell is damaged. Formally generally known as secure implants.

back to top

H

HER2 (human epidermal development issue receptor 2) – A gene that may play a job within the improvement of breast most cancers. The HER2 gene makes HER2 proteins, receptors on breast cells that assist management how a wholesome breast cell grows, divides, and repairs itself. In about 20 % of breast cancers, the HER2 gene doesn’t work accurately and makes too many copies of itself, which makes breast cells develop and divide in an uncontrolled manner.

HER2 Optimistic or Damaging – Sorts of breast cancers which are both optimistic or detrimental for the HER2 protein. HER2-positive breast cancers are likely to develop sooner and usually tend to unfold and are available again; HER2-negative breast cancers have little or no HER2 protein and are much less prone to unfold to different components of the physique.

Hereditary Breast Most cancers – A sort of breast most cancers that’s an inherited genetic situation. This implies the most cancers threat is handed from technology to technology in a household.

Hormone – Substances that assist regulate many processes of the physique, comparable to development and copy, and fluctuate all through an individual’s life. In girls, the hormones estrogen and progesterone regulate the menstrual cycle and are accountable for development and adjustments within the breasts at each stage of life.

Hormone Receptor (HR) – Proteins in or on breast most cancers cells that connect to estrogen or progesterone, inflicting the cells to rely upon these hormones for development.

Hormone Receptor Optimistic (HR+) – These breast cancers the place tumor development is fueled by estrogen and/or progesterone connected to hormone receptors.

Hormone Receptor Damaging(HR-) – Most cancers cells that should not have hormone receptors and won’t be affected by remedies geared toward blocking estrogen or progesterone.

Hormone Alternative Remedy (HRT) – Remedy given to girls after menopause to exchange the hormones estrogen and progesterone which are now not made by the physique.

Hormone Remedy – An efficient drug remedy for estrogen receptor-positive (ER-positive) metastatic breast most cancers. The remedy works by reducing the extent or blocking estrogen from attending to most cancers cells.

back to top

I

Imaging Check – A sort of check that makes detailed photos of areas contained in the physique. Imaging assessments use completely different types of power, comparable to x-rays (high-energy radiation), ultrasound (high-energy sound waves), radio waves, and radioactive substances. They might be used to assist diagnose illness, plan remedy, or learn how properly remedy is working.

Immunotherapy – Using medication that focus on proteins on immune cells, known as “checkpoints,” that have to be turned on or off to set off an immune response in opposition to most cancers cells.

Inframammary Incision – An incision made within the fold below the breast.

In Situ Breast Most cancers – A sort of most cancers the place irregular cells stay within the place the place they first fashioned.

Invasive Breast Most cancers – Most cancers that has unfold from the place it started within the breast to surrounding regular tissue.

Invasive Ductal Carcinoma (IDC)– Most cancers beginning within the cells that line a milk duct within the breast. Over time, the most cancers can unfold to the lymph nodes and probably to different components of the physique. IDC is the most typical sort of invasive breast most cancers.

Invasive Lobular Carcinoma (ILC) – A sort of invasive breast most cancers that begins within the milk-producing glands (lobules) and may unfold to different components of the physique. ILC is the second commonest type of invasive breast most cancers and accounts for 10 to fifteen % of breast most cancers instances.

back to top

Okay

Kinase Inhibitors – In breast most cancers, these medication goal and block the motion of the HER2 protein (known as a kinase), interfering with the alerts that inform most cancers cells to develop.

back to top

L

Latissimus Dorsi Flap – A tissue flap process that makes use of muscle, fats, and pores and skin tunneled below the pores and skin and tissue of a girl’s again for breast reconstruction.

Ligament – The fibrous connective tissue that connects bones to different bones.

Liposuction – Additionally known as lipoplasty or suction lipectomy, a process that vacuums out fats from beneath the pores and skin’s floor to cut back fullness.

Lobes – Glands within the breast, every of which has many smaller sacs known as lobules that produce milk.

Lumpectomy – Surgical procedure that includes eradicating the a part of the breast the place the tumor is situated and a margin of wholesome tissue surrounding the tumor to make sure most cancers is totally gone. Also called breast-conserving surgical procedure or partial mastectomy.

Lymph Node– Oval-shaped plenty of tissue that serve an essential function in defending the physique from an infection. Also called lymph glands.

Lymphatic Tissue – A part of the immune system that helps defend the physique from micro organism and different international invaders. Lymphatic tissue helps immune system responses and consists of the lymph nodes, spleen, and tonsils.

back to top

M

Macromastia – The medical time period for disproportionately heavy breasts on an in any other case common measurement girl. Many ladies with this situation have a breast measurement that limits their bodily exercise and expertise again, neck, and shoulder ache attributable to the burden of their breasts.

Malignant – A illness or development that happens in a extreme type, tends to get progressively worse, and is prone to lead to demise.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) – A non-invasive imaging technique utilizing magnetic fields and radio waves to create pictures of the physique.

Mammary Gland – Gland situated within the breasts and accountable for producing milk.

Mammogram – An x-ray picture of the breast.

Mastectomy – Surgical procedure that removes the breast, usually to rid the physique of most cancers.

Mastopexy – Surgical procedure to carry the breasts.

Menopause – The pure ending of menstrual intervals occurring normally between the ages of 45 and 55. Menopause can happen naturally or be triggered by the surgical removing of the ovaries.

Menstruation – The month-to-month discharge of blood and tissue from the uterus that happens when a girl shouldn’t be pregnant.

Metastatic Breast Most cancers (MBC) – Additionally known as “stage 4 breast most cancers”, metastatic breast most cancers is identified when the most cancers has travelled (metastasized) by the lymph system or bloodstream to create tumors in different components of the physique, such because the liver, lungs, mind, and bones.

Metastasize – The unfold of most cancers cells from the place the place they first fashioned to a different a part of the physique.

Milk Duct – The tube that carries breast milk from the place it’s made within the glandular tissue of the breast out to the nipple.

Minimally-Invasive – A medical remedy or process requiring as little incision to the physique as potential, leading to minimal injury of physique tissue.

Molecular Breast Imaging (MBI) – A check that makes use of a radioactive tracer and particular digital camera to search out breast most cancers.

Molecular Testing – Laboratory assessments on a pattern of the cancerous tissue that identifies particular genes, proteins, and different components distinctive to the tumor. The outcomes will present if the most cancers has gene mutations that reply to a focused remedy.

Montgomery (Areolar) Glands – Small glands across the nipples and the areola which are normally not noticeable till a girl turns into pregnant. The Montgomery glands play an essential function in getting breastfeeding off to a good start with engagement of attachment and bonding.

Monoclonal Antibodies – Man-made variations of immune system proteins (antibodies) in drug type that connect to a particular protein on most cancers cells and cease the cells from rising.

Multigene Panel Testing – A sort of genetic testing that appears for mutations in a number of genes directly. That is completely different from single-gene testing, which seems to be for a mutation in a particular gene.

Mutation – A everlasting change in a gene that may have an effect on the habits of cells and result in the event of most cancers.

back to top

N

Nipple – The raised tissue on the floor of the breast in each ladies and men. In girls, the nipple delivers milk to the toddler throughout breastfeeding.

Noninvasive – A medical check or process that doesn’t require an incision as entry into the physique.

Nonsurgical – A process or remedy not involving surgical procedure.

back to top

O

Oncoplastic Discount Lumpectomy – A process the place a lumpectomy and breast discount surgical procedure are carried out on the identical time, so the breast is reshaped smaller.

Oncoplastic Surgical procedure – An method the place surgeons mix a lumpectomy with cosmetic surgery strategies on the identical time of the breast reconstruction surgical procedure to revive a pure look to the breast form.

Outpatient – When an individual (affected person) receives medical remedy with out being admitted to a hospital.

back to top

P

PARP Inhibitors – These anticancer medication block PARP proteins, which usually assist restore broken DNA inside cells. Nevertheless, as a result of tumor cells with a mutated BRCA gene have already got hassle repairing broken DNA, blocking the PARP proteins usually results in the demise of those cells.

Pencil Check – A technique to decide in case you are a candidate for a breast carry. The check includes placing a pencil as excessive as potential below the fold of 1 breast. If the pencil stays in place, that could be a signal of breast drooping the place a breast carry is useful.

Pendulous Breasts – Breasts which are now not self-supporting and is seen in all breast sizes and shapes as a consequence of age, important weight reduction, being pregnant, and breastfeeding. With pendulous breasts, a lot of the breast tissue lies under the inframammary fold and the nipple lies on or under the inframammary fold.

Periareolar Incision – An incision made on the fringe of the areola.

Perimenopause – The years earlier than a girl reaches menopause when menstruation stops.

Photosensitivity – Oversensitivity of the pores and skin to UV rays, which is usually a aspect impact of medical remedy or the results of a illness.

Pigmentation – The coloring of the pores and skin, hair, mucous membranes, and retina of the attention.

PALB2 Gene – A gene that may mutate and improve the danger for breast most cancers and probably pancreatic, ovarian, and different cancers.

PET (positron emission tomography) Scan – This diagnostic check places a radioactive sugar known as FDG right into a vein, so it travels all through the physique. As a result of most cancers cells soak up excessive quantities of FDG, a particular digital camera takes photos that present the areas the place the sugar collected all through the physique indicating the presence of most cancers.

Publish-marketing Examine – A examine probably required by the FDA after a drug or medical gadget is available on the market to assemble extra info on the product’s security, efficacy, and use.

Postmenopausal – Occurring after menopause.

Premarket Approval Course of (PMA) – The method of scientific and regulatory evaluation utilized by the Meals and Drug Administration (FDA) to guage the protection and effectiveness of medical units, together with breast implants and pacemakers. Medical units requiring premarket approval have to be primarily based on scientific trials and different research.

Preventive Drug Remedy for Breast Most cancers – Additionally known as chemoprevention, this remedy makes use of medicines to cease breast most cancers from creating. The medication connect to estrogen receptors in breast cells to dam the results of estrogen in breast tissue.

Process – The act of performing surgical procedure.

Projection – Referring to the depth of the breasts – in different phrases, how a lot the breasts lengthen outward from the physique.

Progestin – An artificial type of progesterone that’s much like the hormone naturally produced by the physique.

Progesterone – A feminine steroid hormone that prepares the uterine lining for being pregnant and maintains being pregnant when it happens.

Progesterone Receptor Optimistic (PR+) – Breast cancers that develop in response to progesterone.

Prognosis – The forecast of the possible end result or course of a illness; the affected person’s probability of restoration.

Prophylactic Mastectomy – This sort of mastectomy is a consideration when girls identified with breast most cancers in a single breast even have a household historical past of the illness. The choice is to have the opposite breast eliminated on the time of surgical procedure to decrease the danger of creating a second breast most cancers.

Protecting – Serving to guard the physique or one among its components from illness or harm.

Ptosis – The medical time period for sagging breasts. Plastic surgeons decide the diploma of ptosis by evaluating the place of the nipple in relation to the inframammary fold, the purpose at which the underside of the breasts connect to the chest wall. In probably the most superior stage, the nipples are under the fold and level towards the bottom.

back to top

R

Radiation Remedy – Makes use of high-energy rays to kill most cancers cells. Breast most cancers radiation remedy is used to destroy any remaining cells that stay within the breast or armpit space after breast most cancers surgical procedure.

Receptor – A protein that inside a cell that may be activated. Within the case of breast most cancers, hormone receptors contained in the most cancers cells could be activated by estrogen and progesterone, which set off development.

Discount Mammoplasty – Surgical procedure to cut back the scale of breasts; also referred to as breast discount surgical procedure.

Relaxed Breasts – Breasts with looser breast tissue and nipples that time downward.

Threat – The possibility or chance that one thing will hurt or in any other case have an effect on your well being. Threat doesn’t imply that one thing unhealthy will certainly occur however that there’s a chance.

Spherical Breasts – Breasts with the identical quantity of fullness on the high and the underside.

Spherical Implants – Breast implants which have the identical form throughout, which makes breasts seem fuller.

Rupture – A complication the place one thing bursts or immediately breaks. Within the case of breast augmentation, the implant can rupture, inflicting breast ache and adjustments within the contour and form of the breast. An issue known as silent rupture is when rupture goes unnoticed and causes the tissue to turn into irritated and swollen.

back to top

S

Serum Chemistry Blood Assessments – Assessments that have a look at minerals in your blood, comparable to potassium and calcium, and specialised proteins known as enzymes that may be irregular if most cancers has unfold.

Facet Set Breasts – Breasts which are spaced far aside.

Silicone Breast Implants – Breast implants pre-filled with silicone gel.

Silent RuptureHappens when a breast implant ruptures and leaks, trapping the silicone gel within the capsule that surrounds the implant. Most silent ruptures are with out signs and don’t change how the implant seems to be or feels. Because of this FDA and breast specialists suggest that girls with silicone gel-filled implants get an MRI scan three years after the implant surgical procedure after which MRI scans about each two years to examine for silent rupture.

Slender Breasts – Breasts which are slender and lengthy with nipples pointing downward.

Clean Breast Implants – Implants with an outer silicone rubber shell that’s exceptionally easy, shiny, and slippery. Clean implants don’t connect to the encompassing physique tissue to allow them to transfer freely inside the breast implant pocket, giving them extra pure motion.

Structured Saline Breast Implants – Saline implants which have a unique inside construction that reduces folding and wrinkling and makes the implant seem extra pure.

Subcutaneous Mastectomy – This surgical procedure permits for extra natural-looking breasts if a girl chooses to have a mastectomy and breast reconstruction concurrently or to comply with a mastectomy with reconstruction later.

Supplemental Imaging Assessments – Imaging assessments, comparable to a breast MRI, breast ultrasound, and 3D mammography (screening breast tomosynthesis) to extend most cancers detection. Breast specialists might order supplemental imaging assessments within the case of dense breasts and different conditions the place routine screening with mammography can miss breast cancers.

Surgical Bra – A bra usually made of materials with no dye, wires, or extreme trim that gives gentle compression and could be worn all day to assist the breasts because the tissue recovers.

Sutures – Stitches used to carry pores and skin and tissue collectively.

Symptom – An issue that will point out a illness or situation. Some examples are headache, fatigue, nausea, and ache.

back to top

T

Focused Remedy – In treating breast most cancers, these remedies connect to a particular gene or protein to dam the expansion and unfold of most cancers cells whereas limiting injury to wholesome cells.

Tear Drop Breasts – Breasts which are spherical, with a backside that could be a little fuller than the highest.

Textured Breast ImplantsImplants with a barely tough floor that sticks to the tissue round it, retaining the implant in its unique place created by the surgeon. There’s a greater threat of “breast implant related lymphoma” (BIA-ALCL), a uncommon sort of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, with textured floor implants.

Tissue – Group of cells that carries out a particular perform. Human tissue makes up organs and different physique components.

Tissue Expander – A balloon-like sac with a tiny valve that’s inserted throughout mastectomy to make room for a future breast implant. Over time, a salt-water resolution is injected into the expander to increase its measurement progressively.

Tissue Enlargement – A surgical approach to stretch your personal wholesome tissue and create new pores and skin to offer protection for a breast implant.

Transaxillary Incision – An incision made within the underarm space.

TRAM Flap – A tissue flap process generally known as the transverse rectus abdominis muscle flap that harvests tissue from the stomach for breast reconstruction.

Triple Damaging Breast Most cancers (TNBC) – Breast most cancers that assessments detrimental for estrogen receptors (ER -), progesterone receptors (PR -), and extra HER2 protein (HER2 -).

TUG Flap – A tissue flap process generally known as the transverse higher gracilis flap that makes use of tissue from the interior thigh for breast reconstruction.

Tumor – An irregular development of tissue that may both be benign or malignant.

back to top

U

Ultrasound – A typical software utilized by physicians comparable to gynecologists and radiologists that makes use of sound waves to view inside organs, constructions, and growths, comparable to uterine fibroids.

United States Prevention Providers Process Pressure (USPSTF) – A unbiased panel of nationwide specialists in illness prevention that makes evidence-based suggestions about using scientific preventive providers, like most cancers screening assessments.

back to top

V

Voluntary Withdrawal – An motion taken by an organization by alternative at any time to take away a product from the market.

back to top

X

X-Ray – A type of electromagnetic radiation that’s used for medical imaging and treating most cancers.

back to top

This useful resource was created with assist from The Allergan Basis.