4th chapter of Charaka kalpa sthana offers with Pharmaceutics of Dhamargava. The chapter title is Dhaamaargavakalpam.

Now we will discover the chapter coping with the “Pharmaceutics of Dhamargava”, thus mentioned Lord Atreya. [1-2]
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Synonyms of Dhamargava

The synonyms of dhamargava (pita-Ghosaka) are Karkotaki, Kothaphala,Maha-Jalini and raja-Kostaki.

Therapeutic Results

Dhamargava is beneficial within the remedy of secure and obstinate ailments together with toxicities, phantom tumour, and obstinate belly ailments together with ascites, cough, aliments attributable to the localization of aggravated Vayu within the seat of kapha, ailments of throat and mouth and different ailments attributable to the buildup of kapha. [4- ½ 5]
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Dhamargava Recipes with Decoctions

The fruits, flowers and tender leaves of Dhamargava are collected in response to process. The juice of the tender leaves of Dhamargava is dried and made into drugs. These drugs are to be taken as a potion combined with the decoction of one of many medication, viz, Kovidara, (Karbudara, Nipa, Vidula, Bimbi, Sanapuspi, Sadapuspi, Pratyakpuspi) or Yastimadhu. [6]

Dhamargava recipes with milk, Alcohol

4 milk preparations and one alcoholic preparations of Dhamargava is made in response to the process described earlier than (vide Kalpa 2: 5-6) [3/4 7]

Dhamargava recipes with decoction

Now the recipes ready of matured and fruits of Dhamargava will probably be described.
The seeds of Dhamargava are faraway from the fruit. The fruit ought to then be stuffed up with decoctions of Yastimadhu combined with jaggery and saved in a single day. Equally, the fruit could be stuffed up with jaggery combined with the decoctions of 1 Kovidara, (Karbudara, Nipa, Vidula, Bimbi, Sanapuspi, Sadapuspi or Pratyakpuspi) and saved in a single day. These (9) decoctions are for use [for emesis] to sufferers affected by phantom tumour, obstinate belly ailments and different ailments attributable to Kapha. [7 ½ – ½ 9]

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Dhamargava recipe with meals

The powder of Dhamargava is added to meals and given for the alleviation of vomiting and cardiac illnesses. [9 ½]

Dhamargava recipe for Inhalation

Flowers of Utpala and so forth., is impregnated with the powder of Dhamargava for a number of instances. The affected person having taken the meat-soup), milk, gruel and so forth., sumptuously ought to inhale the scent of this impregnated flower which causes emesis with ease. [10]
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Dhamargava Recipes in Capsules

Alternatively, with the powder of Dhamargava, the capsule of the scale of Kola (jujube – fruit) is ready. This capsule is combined with one Anjali (192 ml) of the juice of cowdung or horse-dung and brought for emesis. This capsule may be used after mixing with the juice of the dung of Prasta (Bindu- Citra- Harina), Rsya (nilanda), Kuranga (Cancala Gati), Gaja (elephant), Ustra (camel), Advatara (vegasara), Avika (sheep), Svadamstra (Mouse- deer), Khara (ass) and Khadga (rhinoceros) for emesis[11-12]

Dhamargava recipes with linctus

Powders of Jivaka, Rsabhaka, Vira, Atmagupta, Shatavari, Kakoli, Sravani, Meda, Mahameda, Madhulika are ready individually. Every certainly one of these powders is added with equal amount of the powder of Dhamargava, and by including honey in addition to sugar, a linctus is ready. These (ten emetic recipes) are helpful in hrd-daha (burning sensation within the cardiac area) and cough. Tepid water is given as post-prandial drink if aggravated kapha is related to Pitta which is scorching in nature.  [13-1/2 15]

Dhamargava recipes with Kalpa

Administration of the paste of Dhamargava together with the decoction of Dhanya and Tumburu as emetic cures all types of toxicities. [15 ½]

Dhamargava Recipes with Decoction

Decoction is ready out of every of Jati, Saumanasyayini (Yuthika), Rajani (Haridra), coraka, Vrscira (white number of Punarnava), Maha-Saha (haimavati (Vaca), Bimbi, Punarnava (purple selection) and Kasamarda individually. Every of those [eleven] decoctions is added with [the powder of] one or two fruits of Dhamargava, squeezed, and filtered. These are wonderful recipes for emesis in physic issues (Mano Vikara). [16- ½ 18)

Dhamargava recipes with ghee

Dhamargava is boiled with milk and from this milk ghee is prepared. This ghee is cooked by adding the decoctions of madanaphala etc., [this is useful as emetic]. [18 ½]

Contents of Chapter

To sum up: –
The good sage has described sixty recipes of Dhamargava as follows:
9 recipes of tender leaf (vide verse no. 6)
4 recipes ready by boiling with milk (vide verse no. 7)
One recipe ready with alcohol (vide verse no. 7)
Twenty recipes ready with decoctions 9 in verse nos 7-9, and eleven in verse nos. 16-8)
One recipe within the type of paste (vide verse no. 15)
Twelve recipes for use together with the juice of dung’s of assorted animals: (vide verse nos. 11-12)
One recipe to be taken together with meals; (vide verse no. 9)
One recipe for inhalation (vide verse no. 10)
Ten recipes within the type of linctus; and (vide verse nos. 13-15)
One recipe of medicated ghee (vide verse no. 18) [19-20]


Thus, ends the fourth chapter of Kalpa- Sthana coping with the “Pharmaceutics of Dhamargava” in Agnivesha’s work asa redacted by Charaka., and due to its non- availability supplemented by Drdhabala.