Having an ileostomy signifies that stool doesn’t journey the everyday intestinal pathway. This impacts how stool comes out in addition to how the physique absorbs essential nutritional vitamins and minerals. Consequently, docs and nutritionists typically advocate consuming a particular weight-reduction plan after having an ileostomy.
An ileostomy is a surgical process that includes making a gap within the stomach wall. It signifies that the small gut, or ileum, can eliminate waste merchandise akin to stool by means of this opening.
The process may be helpful if an individual’s intestines are broken or infected, because it signifies that stool doesn’t should move by means of the rectum.
After having an ileostomy, an individual might want to put on an exterior pouch to gather these waste merchandise. The pouch could also be non permanent or everlasting.
Whereas the particular person remains to be within the hospital, they are going to begin with a transparent liquid weight-reduction plan after which progress to meals based mostly on a physician’s suggestions.
This text recommends some dietary adjustments to make and another tricks to contemplate after having an ileostomy.
If an individual has a particular dietary query, they need to ask a physician to make sure that they’re getting sufficient vitamins from their day by day weight-reduction plan.
After having an ileostomy, some individuals might expertise skinny stool, or diarrhea, and excessive output.
In addition to being inconvenient, uncomfortable, and doubtlessly embarrassing, this can be harmful. An individual with skinny stool may experience low sodium ranges or malnutrition. If this does occur, they could require intravenous fluids or vitamin.
To forestall this, an individual can eat foods that thicken stool. These embody:
- easy peanut butter
Ingesting electrolyte-replacing fluids might help an individual who’s experiencing dehydration attributable to diarrhea. Nevertheless, they need to not exceed two or three of those drinks per day, and they need to keep away from sugary drinks.
Some examples of electrolyte-replacing fluids embody:
- sports activities drinks
- fruit juice
- vegetable juice
An individual may attempt to determine the reason for their diarrhea. For instance, it may very well be attributable to:
People who find themselves experiencing extraordinarily excessive stool output ought to contact a physician.
- taking sure ache drugs
- taking sure anti-nausea drugs
- not consuming sufficient fiber
- not exercising sufficient
- not consuming sufficient fluids
An individual ought to at all times ask a physician if their fiber consumption is satisfactory. If it isn’t, the physician might advocate fiber dietary supplements. An individual mustn’t take laxatives.
An individual may eat meals such as:
- bran merchandise
- cooked, peeled greens
- heat soups
Ingesting sure fluids might help an individual loosen their stools, together with:
- scorching water with lemon or lemon juice
- prune juice
Some individuals discover that their ileostomy bag may cause dangerous smells when it’s full.
The table below might help an individual perceive which meals may cause odor and which meals or consuming strategies might help forestall odor.
Oral dietary dietary supplements can provide calorie-rich vitamin for many who expertise weight reduction after having an ileostomy. Some examples of those dietary supplements embody:
- Carnation Instantaneous Breakfast
- Glucerna, for these with diabetes
- Kate Farms Vitamin Shake
- Orgain Vitamin Shakes
These shakes and drinks have calories and vitamins for simpler consumption. Nevertheless, an individual ought to seek the advice of a nutritionist relating to how a lot they need to eat and the way typically.
Altering one’s consuming habits may assist the physique take in vitamins higher. For instance, an individual may eat smaller meals extra usually, akin to each 2–3 hours.
Dropping pounds after having an ileostomy includes consuming fewer energy than one burns in a day.
Nevertheless, slicing again on dietary consumption may be tough for an individual who has had an ileostomy, as they should watch out to make sure that they get sufficient nutritional vitamins and minerals.
An individual who has had an ileostomy and desires to drop pounds may contemplate consuming low fats merchandise, akin to low fats dairy and lean proteins, and steamed or boiled fruit and veggies, which needs to be peeled and deseeded.
With a physician’s approval, an individual may train after having an ileostomy. They may take walks or attempt a web based or in-person health class.
Adopting sure consuming habits might also assist an individual drop pounds. For instance, they might:
- Keep away from skipping meals.
- Serve their meals on a smaller plate.
- Keep away from alcohol.
- Plan meals and snacks prematurely.
Aiming for gradual, regular weight reduction by making dietary adjustments and incorporating an train routine as a physician advises might help an individual drop pounds after having an ileostomy.
Though every particular person is completely different, many will discover that sure meals end in increased output and fuel after having an ileostomy. Some examples of those meals and a few various concepts embody:
As a normal rule, individuals ought to attempt to keep away from fibrous skins and seeds after having an ileostomy. The physique doesn’t digest these, so that they transfer by means of the gut unchanged. Consequently, they’ll doubtlessly have an effect on an individual’s ileostomy.
Having an ileostomy signifies that meals materials doesn’t attain the colon for nutrient absorption because it does with a colostomy.
Consequently, an individual could also be more vulnerable to dietary deficiencies. When that is the case, a physician might advocate taking dietary dietary supplements.
Most dietary supplements needs to be liquid or chewable however non-gummy to make sure that the physique can break them down. Some examples embody chewable multivitamins and liquid or chewable calcium dietary supplements, akin to calcium citrate.
Nutrient deficiencies of explicit concern in individuals who have had an ileostomy can include:
There are additionally some normal well-being ideas that may assist an individual who has had an ileostomy really feel higher total. These embody:
- Consuming a number of small meals at common intervals each day: Consuming at routine instances might help an individual higher determine when they could want to alter their ileostomy bag.
- Chewing meals completely: Doing this can make digestion simpler.
- Not consuming giant meals or snacks at evening: Consuming a big meal may trigger the ileostomy bag to turn out to be over-full and require altering throughout sleeping hours.
- Limiting alcohol consumption: Alcohol can contribute to dehydration, bloating, and fuel.
Following the following pointers could make for a better and stress-free consuming expertise.
Each particular person is completely different in how they react to meals after having an ileostomy. Some individuals will begin with a bland weight-reduction plan and step by step reintroduce completely different meals.
Making an effort to eat nutritious meals and drink loads of water might help an individual dwell effectively after having an ileostomy. If they’re involved about stool adjustments or nutrient deficiencies, they need to discuss with a physician.