Norovirus, generally often called the winter vomiting bug, is a abdomen bug that causes illness and diarrhoea. Following decrease ranges than regular all through the COVID-19 pandemic, we’ve got began to see a rise in norovirus exercise as we head into the winter interval.

Norovirus is ready to unfold simply by way of communities and so outbreaks are frequent in settings the place people have shut contact similar to hospitals, care properties, faculties and nurseries.

For most individuals that is an disagreeable, short-lived sickness and so they make a full restoration inside 2-3 days without having any medication. Nevertheless, some teams, together with younger youngsters, the aged or these with weakened immunity, are liable to struggling extra severe and extended sickness which can require medical remedy.

Stopping the unfold

Norovirus is well transmitted by way of contact with folks with the an infection and any surfaces or objects which have been contaminated with the virus. Signs embody sudden onset of nausea, projectile vomiting and diarrhoea however also can embody a excessive temperature, stomach ache and aching limbs.

The incubation interval of norovirus is 12-48 hours, which is the time between catching the virus and creating signs. People are most infectious when symptomatic, however it’s potential to cross on norovirus or shed the virus, thereby contaminating surfaces, objects and even meals, each earlier than creating signs and after signs have stopped.

Good hand hygiene is essential to cease norovirus spreading. To keep away from catching norovirus or passing it on to others wash your fingers incessantly and totally with cleaning soap and heat water. That is most essential following an episode of sickness, after utilizing the bathroom, earlier than consuming or getting ready meals in addition to cleansing up vomit or diarrhoea. Alcohol-based hand sanitisers should not efficient in opposition to norovirus.

For those who’ve bought norovirus, bear in mind:

1) Norovirus can’t be handled with antibiotics. It is because antibiotics work to battle micro organism and never viruses.

2) Vomiting and diarrhoea causes your physique to lose water and salts, which may result in dehydration, so it is very important drink loads of fluids to stop this. Aged people, younger youngsters and people with weakened immune techniques are at most liable to changing into dehydrated and needing remedy.

3) Keep at house. Don’t return to work or ship youngsters to highschool till 48 hours after the signs have stopped and don’t go to your GP or hospital whereas symptomatic. In case you are involved about your signs, discuss to your GP by cellphone, contact NHS 111 or go to the NHS norovirus webpage.

4) Keep away from cooking and serving to put together meals for others till 48 hours after signs have stopped, as norovirus might be unfold by way of contaminated meals when it’s dealt with by folks shedding norovirus.

5) Wash any contaminated clothes or bedding utilizing detergent and at 60°C, and if potential, put on disposable gloves to deal with contaminated objects.

6) To disinfect contaminated surfaces, use bleach-based cleansing merchandise the place potential.

Norovirus immunity is brief lived and there’s no cross-strain immunity, subsequently it’s potential to have a number of norovirus infections in a brief time frame should you’re uncovered to completely different strains.

While norovirus spreads simply, taking the precautions listed above can dramatically cut back your danger of catching it this winter. Practising good hygiene and avoiding contact with others whereas infectious are on the core of defending your self and others from the unfold of the virus.

Get extra info on norovirus here.